Category: Words and Definitions

Crimes Againist Typography

Here are the type crimes that Lupton bluntly describes though out the book.

Tracking lowercase letters

Horizontal and vertical scaling

Some typefaces look good at a large size,but when smaller look weak.
Minimal differences in type size make some designs look unrestrained.

Pseudo italics

Tightly tracked text

Auto spacing give an uneven effect

Poorly shaped text blocks
Full of holes in a column 

Bag rag caused by an ugly wedge

Punctuation eats the edge if used excessively.

Stacked lowercase 

Too many signals in a paragraph give it a undefined shape and using more that one shift.

Data prison- trapping data in boxes instead of showing relationships between them.



Words and Definitions I

PostScript : A computer language for creating vector graphics and was created by John Warnock, Charles Geschke, Doug Brotz, Ed Taft and Bill Paxton.

Open Face: A format for scalable computer fonts.

Typeface: A set of one or more fonts each composed of glyphs that share common design features.

Cap-Height: The height of a capital letter above the baseline for a particular typeface.

Font: A particular size, weight and style of a typeface.

Glyph: An elemental symbol within an agreed set of symbols.

Connotation: An idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning(denotation).

Denotation: The literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests(connotation).

Modern Type: A style of typeface developed in the late 18th century that continued through much of the 19th century.

Characterized by:

high contrast between thick and thin strokes

flat hairline serifs

*Modern fonts are harder to read than previous and later typestyles developed for text.

Transitional Type: The Antiqua or Old Style of type of the 16th and 17th centuries evolved inyo Transitional.

The primary characteristics:

1.)Medium contrast between thick and thin strokes

2.)Less left-inclined axis than Old Style faces (closer to vertical)

3.)Triangular or flat tip where diagonal strokes meet (such as the base of a W).

Humanist Type: Humanist characteristics include:

1.) Proportions that were modeled on old style typefaces

2.) Open strokes

3.) Lightly higher contrast in strokes in comparison to other sans-serif typefaces

Ex: Gill Sans

Slab Serif: A type of serif typeface characterized by thick, block-like serifs.

Sans Serif: A type of serif typeface that does not have the small projecting features called “serifs” at the end of strokes.