Words and Definitions I

PostScript : A computer language for creating vector graphics and was created by John Warnock, Charles Geschke, Doug Brotz, Ed Taft and Bill Paxton.

Open Face: A format for scalable computer fonts.

Typeface: A set of one or more fonts each composed of glyphs that share common design features.

Cap-Height: The height of a capital letter above the baseline for a particular typeface.

Font: A particular size, weight and style of a typeface.

Glyph: An elemental symbol within an agreed set of symbols.

Connotation: An idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning(denotation).

Denotation: The literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests(connotation).

Modern Type: A style of typeface developed in the late 18th century that continued through much of the 19th century.

Characterized by:

high contrast between thick and thin strokes

flat hairline serifs

*Modern fonts are harder to read than previous and later typestyles developed for text.

Transitional Type: The Antiqua or Old Style of type of the 16th and 17th centuries evolved inyo Transitional.

The primary characteristics:

1.)Medium contrast between thick and thin strokes

2.)Less left-inclined axis than Old Style faces (closer to vertical)

3.)Triangular or flat tip where diagonal strokes meet (such as the base of a W).

Humanist Type: Humanist characteristics include:

1.) Proportions that were modeled on old style typefaces

2.) Open strokes

3.) Lightly higher contrast in strokes in comparison to other sans-serif typefaces

Ex: Gill Sans

Slab Serif: A type of serif typeface characterized by thick, block-like serifs.

Sans Serif: A type of serif typeface that does not have the small projecting features called “serifs” at the end of strokes.


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